Stress Fracture – How it affects young & modern players ?
In last 6 month I came across more than 10 athlete suffering from stress fracture, all are U-19 (under- 19)and most of them are Elite- Players.
Stress fracture is now affecting more and more young and modern player, it may handicap their career, now and their life later. Protect your bone and keep them strong healthy.
Players should be encouraged to maintain a calcium rich diet and report immediately if any change in menstrual cycle (in case of female sports player) and advised to avoid alcohol, excessive salt, caffeine & smoking to reduce the risk of developing stress fracture.
Lets understand what is Stress fracture–
- Loss of bone occurs silently & painlessly without any symptoms until the first fracture .
- When the bone is unable to withstand repetitive bouts of mechanical loading happens in lower limb while playing sports.
- Female sports player stuffer often then their male counter parts. Though stress fracture occur more often in players with menstrual disturbances & in complete absence of menstruation, risk of fracture increase a between 2- 4 times
Most common and neglected reason of stress fracture is restricted calorie intake when sports player avoid food high in fat content, low calories product, suffer from eating disorders, Bulimia Nervosa & have low body weight.
Players energy need should meet . They should not avoid prolong periods of low energy availability since it may cause severe damage to their bones. Specially when they consume less than 30kcal/ kg of fat free mass(FFM). This is low energy availability and increases the risk of injury. Players need to take calories they spent during training & match play in account.
Remember injury prevention is essential & include careful monitoring of nutrition, menstruation & training load